CorrBoard Harnesses Organic Waste to Produce Corrugated

CorrBoard Bioenergy (CB Bio) has invested £5.5m in building a sustainable energy generation facility fuelled by organic waste to power the manufacture of corrugated sheet board.

CB Bio is a joint venture between packaging and display trade specialist Swanline Group and paper-based packaging producer McLaren Packaging.

The CB Bio Scunthorpe facility, which can be operated remotely to maximise uptime, will produce carbon-neutral corrugated material for use at Swanline and McLaren’s manufacturing plants in Staffordshire and Port Glasgow.

It has the capacity to divert 25,000 tonnes of biological waste from landfill.

The plant is expected to substantially offset Swanline and McLaren’s own carbon footprints, via the excess energy fed to the National Grid and returned to them in carbon credits, and power the carbon-neutral manufacture of corrugated sheet board.

The organic waste fuelling the plant is partly sourced from Swanline and McLaren’s packaging users which require compliant food waste disposal. CB Bio is certified to process Category 2 and 3 animal by-product wastes and vegetable food waste.

The plant’s by-product, pasteurised and certified to PAS 110, is suitable for use as a fertiliser.

Nick Kirby, chief executive of Swanline Group, said: “CB Bio is a bold statement to our customers who genuinely want to procure corrugated packaging with strong ecological credentials. This is a timely venture providing greener solutions and industry-leading benefits for consumers of paper-based packaging.”

The plant is modular in construction, meaning output capacity can be increased in the future.

REFS

CorrBoard harnesses organic waste to produce corrugated

PetroBio Commissioned to Convert Energy Production from Natural Gas to Renewable Bio Energy

Swedish engineering company PetroBio has been commissioned to convert the energy production at the Dutch tomato grower Zonnekreek Tomato from natural gas to renewable bio energy.

Earthquakes and tremors as a result of natural gas extraction in the Dutch city of Groningen, (one of the world’s largest gas fields) has led the Dutch government to implement a total gas extraction stop by 2030 as well as introducing a programme giving substantial economic incentives to businesses converting from old-style fossil fuels to renewable energy.

The escalating need for more environmentally friendly energy production gives PetroBio a boost in Europe. Not only in the Netherlands, but also in other European countries investing in incentive programmes to promote renewable energy.

“PetroBio’s traditional market has been mainly the Nordic countries but since merging with the Belgian biofuel company VYNCKE in January 2018 the opportunities to take market shares in Europe have increased significantly”, says Per Carlsson.

Via VYNCKE´s European customer base PetroBio were able to establish contact with the Dutch pellet manufacturer Maartens and the tomato grower Zonnekreek Tomato. Maartens is responsible for funding and contracting the entire combustion equipment. The project is partly financed by the Dutch government as part of the incentive programme to encourage businesses to switch from combusting natural gas to biofuels. Zonnekreek Tomato also commit to buy energy from Maartens for the next twelve years, energy which is more efficient and more profitable than the one utilized today.

Greenhouse operations are common in the Netherlands and we are looking to find similar projects together with Maartens, says Per Carlsson.

The plant in Holland is planned to be up and running at the end of 2019.

REFS

Published on energyglobal.com and written by Naomi Holliman

PetroBio commissioned to convert Zonnekreek Tomato from natural gas to renewable bio energy

BP Forces its Way Into Renewables with New Bioenergy Firm

Oil giant BP has announced its “major expansion” into the renewable energy marketplace with a new partnership in the biopower sector.

The firm has formed a 50/50 joint venture with US-headquartered agricultural commodities company Bunge to form new venture, BP Bunge Bioenergia.

Under the agreement, BP will combine it’s Brazilian biopower and biofuels business with Bunge to create a business that produces sugarcane ethanol in Brazil.

The deal will see BP pay £60 million to Bunge and assume more than £650m debt in Bunge assets.

BP Bunge Bioenergia will also create 11 biofuels sites in Brazil.

It claims almost 70% of vehicles in Brazil currently run on ethanol and it expects the country’s demand for ethanol to increase by around 70% by 2030.

Bob Dudley, BP group chief executive, said: “This is another large-scale example of BP’s commitment to play a leading role in a rapid transition to a low carbon future.

“Biofuels will be an essential part of delivering the energy transition and Brazil is leading the way in showing how they can be used at scale, reducing emissions from transport.

“This combination will unlock new possibilities for improved efficiency and future growth in this key market.”

REFS

Published on energyvoice.com and written by David McPhee

Japan Receives First Shipment of ETBE from US Corn-Based Ethanol

Following a recent policy change by the Japanese Government, the country has received its first shipment of ethyl tert-butyl ether (ETBE) made from US corn-based ethanol.

According to the US Grains Council (USGC), this first shipment to Japan marks the country’s new demand for US ethanol-based products, as well as a milestone in efforts to develop the US ethanol market internationally.

The policy change recognises the greenhouse gas (GHG) benefits of ETBE, which is a component of gasoline, and means that US corn-based ethanol is now able to be used in the production of ETBE to be imported into Japan.

The Asian nation will allow US ethanol to meet up to 44% of a total estimated annual demand of 217 million gallons of ethanol used in the production of ETBE, which equates to around 95.5 million gallons of ethanol.

Japan Biofuels Supply purchased the first shipment of ETBE from the US, which was unloaded at Chiba port near Tokyo, and then Wakayama port near Osaka.

The shipment of 13.5 million gallons is equal to 2 million bushels of corn demand, the USGC added.

CLOSING REMARKS

  • It is in their both advantages that US and Japan work more more closely together.

REFS

This article was published on biofuels-news.com

Japan receives first shipment of ETBE from US corn-based ethanol

B10 Biodiesel To Go Mainstream in Thailand and B7 out

Malaysia isn’t the only country pushing harder for biodiesel. Thailand’s energy ministry has plans to move B10 biodiesel into the mainstream to replace the current B7 biodiesel used.

Availability of B10 as the primary diesel blend will be made from November, and B7 will be phased out at petrol stations before usage is stopped completely from November 2020, the Bangkok Post reports.

The reasons for both countries are the same – to increase the use of crude palm oil and to address environmental issues.

“The ministry is confident that B10 will become the preferred fuel by local motorists because the ministry is providing a grace period of over a year for biodiesel refineries to improve their refining processes and oil formulas; for example a monoglyceride reduction – a form of fatty acid – from 0.7% to below 0.4%. Oil traders have to prepare for B10 availability across the country for diesel-powered pickups, buses and trucks,” said energy minister Siri Jirapongphan.

Thailand is currently trialling B20 biodiesel on big trucks, public buses, express boats and agricultural machinery, but car and pick-up truck manufacturers are more apprehensive on the blend that’s heavier on methyl ester from crude palm oil.

The minister forecasts B20 consumption to increase from 70 million litres on average per month to 110 million litres in June.

The Thai government has been subsidising the B20 retail price, making it five baht cheaper than B7. The subsidy programme will expire on July 31 and the B20 price will be cheaper than B7 by three baht per litre. B20 can be bought from 900 stations across the kingdom.

Siri said that with the introduction of B10 biodiesel, the consumption of crude palm oil will reach two million tonnes annually compared to the current 1.5 million tonnes with B7.

Late last year, Malaysia launched a B10 biodiesel programme that it claimed will reduce the emission of 1.6 million tonnes of carbon dioxide (CO2) per year, and boost demand for Malaysian palm oil.

“The air quality, especially in the urban areas, will also increase through the use of biodiesel with the reduced emission of dust and black smoke into the air.

The implementation of the B10 programme is apt at this time in view of the lower price of palm oil biodiesel compared to petroleum diesel,” prime minister Tun Dr Mahathir Mohamad said then, adding that the programme will also help the country to achieve its low-carbon mobility objective, as outlined in the 11th Malaysia Plan.

Expect the ratio of palm oil content to increase in the future. “Malaysia needs to increase the fuel mixture in the future to strengthen domestic demand for palm oil,” Mahathir said, citing Indonesia’s B20 programme that has been running since 2016.

The PM said that the hoped that all parties will be ready to adopt B20 by year 2020.

According to the the primary industries ministry, the Malaysian Palm Oil Board (MPOB) has been carrying out field tests on diesel vehicles without encountering any problem.

The tests involved 150,000 litres of B10 biodiesel.

There was also an MPOB-DBKL test that clocked up over three million kilometres in just over three and a half years without any breakdowns.

It added that the palm oil-based biodiesel is a renewable energy produced by sustainable palm cultivation, and the use of one tonne of such biodiesel is equivalent to a reduction of three tonnes of CO2 in the air.

In Malaysia, palm oil biodiesel was initiated in 2011 with the B5 programme, before this was increased to the current B7 blend from November 2014.

Is B10 safe? We’ve written a fair bit about B10 biodiesel before, and you can learn more about the fuel with the 10% palm oil mix here. Also check out what MPOB’s biodiesel researcher, Dr Harrison Lau, has to say here.

REFS

This article was published on paultan.org and written by Danny Tan

B10 biodiesel to go mainstream in Thailand – B7 out

Will EPA Kill The Small Biofuel Farmers?

President Donald Trump followed through on his promise to break down regulatory barriers at the Environmental Protection Agency and allow year-round E15 sales.

Iowa’s farmers and ethanol producers are grateful.

But the E15 rule will not make up for the damage that EPA is doing with its small refinery exemptions — particularly not for small biodiesel producers.

Over the past year, the biodiesel and renewable diesel industry has lost demand for hundreds of millions of gallons of product through the RFS loophole EPA created.

EPA has always granted RFS exemptions to a handful of small refineries every year since 2013. But in 2017, EPA began handing out these exemptions to some of the biggest, most profitable oil companies in the world.

It doesn’t seem possible that every oil company in the United States could be facing a hardship from blending biofuels, when fuel sales are climbing, and oil prices are strong.

For 2017, EPA granted RFS exemptions to 35 oil refineries. The total volume of gasoline and diesel produced by that group of oil refineries was more than 17 billion gallons.

That’s an enormous amount of fuel compared to biofuel producers. EPA set the 2017 RFS volume for all U.S. biofuel producers — ethanol, biodiesel and all other types — only at 19.1 billion gallons.

And that volume was eventually cut to 17.2 billion gallons through the exemptions.

EPA is protecting as much market space for oil refiners — excluding them from competition — as it is for biofuel producers. That’s turning the RFS program upside down.

According to University of Illinois economist Scott Irwin, if EPA continues to grant the exemptions to everyone who asks — the way it has been granting them — the demand destruction could reach 2.45 billion gallons over the next few years, with a $7.7 billion economic loss for the biodiesel and renewable diesel industry.

Biodiesel producers are tiny compared to so-called small oil refineries. Take CVR Energy, owned by wealthy investor Carl Icahn, as an example.

CVR reportedly received an exemption for its Wynnewood, Oklahoma, refinery, which refines 74,500 barrels of oil each and every day. A mid-sized biodiesel producer would refine less than an equivalent amount of vegetable oil in an entire month.

A single exemption for a small oil refinery can put a biodiesel producer out of business.

The math is simple enough. Since each barrel of oil yields a little more than 31 gallons of gasoline and diesel, a refinery the size of CVR’s produces more than 2.3 million gallons of fuel a day and over 860 million gallons each year.

The advanced biofuel RFS obligation for such a refinery this year would include close to 21 million gallons of biomass-based diesel. And there are dozens of small biodiesel producers across the country who produce less than that.

If a small biodiesel producer gets put out of business, it will impact more people than just the 20 or 30 plant workers.

Twenty million gallons of biodiesel production supports more than 600 jobs across the economy — from farmers to truck drivers.

Biodiesel producers are often the primary drivers of local economies.

According to recent news reports, the president is aware that his EPA is turning the RFS program on its head through small refinery exemptions.

He gave direction to EPA on the E15 rule and ensured it got done quickly. America’s biodiesel producers need him to take decisive action on the RFS exemptions.

Tom Brooks is general manager of Western Dubuque Biodiesel, a 30-million gallon per year facility in Farley whose investors include area soybean growers.

CLOSING REMARKS

  • Do you think EPA policies are against the little farmer?
  • Were the policies designed by big business?
  • Is this policy really supporting US households?

REFS

This article was published on thegazette.com and written by Tom Brooks.

Don’t put small biodiesel out of business

Glennmont Starts Welsh Bio Operations

Glennmont Partners has started commercial operations at its Margam Green Energy Plant near Port Talbot in south Wales.

The £160m biomass energy plant directly employs 25 people and is fuelled by waste wood that will generate power for up to 75,000 homes.

A consortium of Babcock and Wilcox Volund and Interserve Construction developed and built Margam and has now formally handed the project over to Glennmont Partners.

Construction started in 2016, employing over 400 people a peak times.

Babcock and Wilcox Volund and Interserve worked in partnership with a large number of sub-contractors from Wales and other parts of the UK and continental Europe.

The construction management of the power station was led by the Cardiff energy company Eco2.

Babcock and Wilcox has operational and maintenance responsibility for the power plant while Eco2 now has management responsibility for Margam’s commercial operation as well as responsibility for Margam’s waste wood fuel logistics.

Glennmont partner Peter Dickson said: “Glennmont has appreciated the hard work of everyone to complete Margam’s construction: the efforts of B&W, Interserve, Eco2 and in particular the commitment shown by so many individual workers on site.”

REFS

Glennmont starts Welsh bio operations

 

IEA Bioenergy Report on Bioenergy Supply Chains

IEA Bioenergy is an organisation set up in 1978 by the International Energy Agency (IEA) with the aim of improving cooperation and information exchange between countries that have national programmes in bioenergy research, development and deployment.

Several systems to define and monitor performance and progress towards sustainability of bioenergy have been developed for implementation at different scales, including operations, landscapes or jurisdictions.

Some are formalised systems (e.g. GBEP 2011; RSB 2016; ISO 2015; ASTM 2016; SBP 2019) while others are inputs made through the scientific literature (McBride et al. 2012; Dale et al. 2015; Lattimore et al. 2009; Mead & Smith 2012).

Even if much has been achieved, there are still challenges associated with understanding, defining, measuring, and governing and communicating sustainability of bioenergy (IEA Roadmap 2017).

This has led to very different perceptions of sustainability of bioenergy in society, with a pronounced lack of trust in potential benefit within some groups (Mai-Moulin et al. 2019).

In light of these challenges, the IEA Bioenergy inter-Task project on “Measuring, governing and gaining support for sustainable bioenergy supply chains” was formed to synthesise works of a number of IEA Bioenergy Tasks, including Task 37, 38, 39, 40, 42 and 43.

The project aimed at addressing the following questions:

  1. Objective 1: How to measure and quantify progress towards more sustainable practices?
  2. Objective 2: How to improve the input, output and throughput legitimacy of existing and proposed governance systems?
  3. Objective 3: How to engage more successfully with the broad range of stakeholders so that policies and sustainability governance are perceived as legitimate and helpful for build-up of social capital, trust, and support among all stakeholders?

The project was started in 2016 and completed by the end of 2018. A multitude of studies were initiated focusing largely on the agricultural and forestry sectors, and on biogas systems.

An overall summary of the project and the summaries of the work done under the three objectives have been published in June 2019.

REFS