SK Chemical Sells Biofuel Unit to Focus on Materials and Life Science

South Korea’s SK Chemical Co. has agreed to sell its biofuel unit to local private equity fund Hahn & Company to put more resources into its eco-friendly materials and life science business.

The Kospi-listed company announced in a Thursday regulatory filing that it signed a contract to sell its entire biodiesel and bio-heavy oil business to Hahn & Company for 380 billion won ($321.1 million).

SK Chemical said it will use the proceeds to strengthen its core businesses including high-performance materials and life science with an aim to achieve more sustainable growth in the future.

SK Chemical has been ramping up R&D efforts and production of its self-developed polycyclohexylenedimethylene terephthalate (PCT), which is often called super engineering plastic for its high-strength and heat-resistance properties. PCT is widely applied to electronics and automotive industries. The company places a high bet on its copolyester PCT, which is free of bisphenol A (BPA), one of several environmental endocrine disruptors.

The company has also been making significant investments in biopharmaceutical business. It developed a dementia treatment patch SID710 in 2010 to offer a novel drug delivery alternative for elderly dementia patients who have difficulty swallowing their medication. The drug was approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) last November.



SK Chemical to sell biofuel unit to focus on materials and life science

Rural Leaders Petition President Trump to Uphold Biofuel Promise

A broad coalition of biofuel and farm advocates have sent a letter to the White House last week calling on President Trump to fix a flawed proposal from the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), which “fails in its mission to reinvigorate farm economies and reopen biofuel plants across America’s heartland.”

Continue reading Rural Leaders Petition President Trump to Uphold Biofuel Promise

Trump Orders Biofuel Boost in Bid to Temper Farm State Anger

WASHINGTON — President Donald Trump, seeking to tamp down political fallout in U.S. farm states essential to his re-election, has ordered federal agencies to shift course on relieving some oil refineries of requirements to use biofuel such as corn-based ethanol.

Continue reading Trump Orders Biofuel Boost in Bid to Temper Farm State Anger

Method to Customize Microbes for Better Biofuel Production

Scientists at the US Department of Energy’s Oak Ridge National Laboratory have demonstrated a method to insert genes into a variety of microorganisms that previously would not accept foreign DNA, with the goal of creating custom microbes to break down plants for bioenergy.

Microbes are the most abundant life forms on earth. They influence the growth of plants, digest food in the human gut, transform pollutants in the environment, and perform a host of other functions that affect everyday life.

Researchers at the DOE Center for Bioenergy Innovation (CBI) at ORNL are harnessing the power of microbes to turn non-food biomass like corn stalks, switchgrass and poplar into biofuels and bioproducts. To increase the efficiency of the conversion process, microbes are needed that can break down cellulose and ferment it into biofuels in a single set of reactions. Dubbed consolidated bioprocessing (CBP), this approach improves the economics of biofuels production.

Though the CBI team has demonstrated the feasibility of consolidated bioprocessing, they need better microbes to achieve greater yields of biofuels. The target: microbes that eat cellulose to produce desired fuels and thrive in high-temperature environments without oxygen.

Enhancing or introducing target traits in these more unusual microbes can be challenging. There are few tools available for engineering non-model microbes, and the organisms have developed defense mechanisms that can foil attempts to insert new genes.

Forging signatures

Meant to ward off viruses, these defense mechanisms guard microbes against unintentionally copying foreign DNA. To distinguish their own DNA from others, each microbe places a methyl group on a handful of specific DNA sequences. These methylated sequences are unique to the organism and act like a signature. Special enzymes called restriction enzymes patrol the cell and chew up any DNA that lacks methyl groups on the signature sequences.

Guss and his team have demonstrated a way to leverage this defense system to coax microbes into accepting bioengineered DNA as their own.

Using two sequencing methods, the scientists first identified a microbe’s signature sequences and the enzymes that methylate them. Then they expressed the enzymes, known as methyltransferases, in a common laboratory microbe, E. coli. With the right methyltransferases in place, E. coli are able to make copies of DNA with the expected methylation patterns, ensuring the target microbe would accept and use the new DNA.

The researchers recently published their method and the results of the experiment validating that the gene they inserted into Clostridium thermocellum ATCC27405—a CBP organism that has been challenging to transform—actually functions as anticipated. They have had similar success with ten other species and counting. These species were previously unamenable to genetic engineering.

Guss foresees many benefits of this rapid domestication method for applied and basic research, especially in identifying gene function. With this approach, scientists can remove or over express genes of interest in microbes to determine how that affects the organisms’ traits. In addition to bioenergy, the method can be employed in biomedical and other fundamental research.

“What Adam and his team have done is to remove one of the major stumbling blocks to transforming these organisms,” CBI Chief Scientist Brian Davison said. “This opens the door to take these microbes with really tough-to-replicate traits and be able to tune them to do more of what we want, such as increasing biofuel yields.”


Method to customize microbes for better biofuel production

Biofuel Plan Faces Fresh Backlash From US Agriculture

US agricultural trade groups on Friday told the Trump administration a proposed biofuel reform package falls short of expectations, four sources familiar with discussions said, complicating plans the administration had for presenting the proposal to President Donald Trump.

Trump was expected to meet with Environmental Protection Agency and Department of Agriculture officials on Friday afternoon to discuss the proposal meant to assuage farmers angry about biofuel blending exemptions given to oil refineries, a separate source said. Trump has found himself in a political bind as he looks to appease two of his most prized constituencies — Big Oil and Big Corn — to again propel him into the presidency next year.

The proposed plan would include an increase to biofuels requirements for 2020 of 1 billion gallons (3.8 billion liters), sources said.

The plan already faced backlash during a conference call the USDA held early Friday with biofuels advocates to detail plans, sources said. The agricultural industry wants the administration to force larger refineries to make up for the exempted gallons through a process called “reallocation,” but it has not committed to that yet, the sources said.

“Plants are closing now. Farmers are going bankrupt now. The biofuel industry made it clear that restoring the exempted gallons by 2020 is the only way to stop the bleeding,” said a biofuel source familiar with the call. “Anything short of that is going to face united opposition, which means the president won’t want to show his face in Iowa.”

The meeting on Friday afternoon was initially expected on Thursday evening but was pushed back, a source said. The White House declined to comment for this story.

Trump has promised to deliver a “giant package” to US farmers related to ethanol, in response to ire from US farmers and biofuels advocates over 31 exemptions regulators have given to oil refineries to free them of requirements to blend biofuels.

Biofuels advocates, including Republican senators Chuck Grassley and Joni Ernst from Iowa, weighed in on the issue on Twitter on Friday.

“Know this @EPA and @USDA: the only good deal for Iowa farmers is one that upholds the intent of the RFS,” Ernst said.

The Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS) requires refineries to blend increasing volumes of biofuels into their fuel each year. Small facilities under financial strain can be exempted, and Trump authorized the EPA to grant 31 waivers to small refineries in August, far more than the Obama administration had typically granted.

The draft plan under consideration would include a previously discussed increase of 500 million gallons for conventional biofuels, largely corn-based ethanol, as well as an additional 500 million gallons for advanced biofuels like biodiesel for 2020, sources said. It would also include an addition to the biodiesel mandate for 2021 of 250 million gallons.

That increase would help address “excess waivers,” which have also harmed biodiesel and soy farmers, according to a document seen by Reuters that details the proposal.

An EPA spokesperson declined to confirm or comment on the plan on Thursday but said the agency will continue to consult on the best path forward for the program.

The latest proposal has already drawn criticism from the oil industry.

Additionally, officials at companies including Ergon Inc, Sinclair Oil Corp and San Joaquin Refining Co Inc wrote in a letter to Trump on Friday that small refineries that demonstrate economic hardship created by compliance costs are entitled to an exemption.

West Virginia legislature leaders sent a joint letter on Friday to the White House, saying, “We fear the Administration may lose sight of the importance of protecting small refineries which are critical to the US energy infrastructure and the manufacturing jobs they provide throughout the country.”

Since the waivers were granted, farmers and biofuel producers have voiced swift opposition. A coalition of labor unions that supports the biofuels industry sent a letter on Friday to EPA Administrator Andrew Wheeler, urging the administration to stop issuing excess waivers.


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Biofuel plan faces fresh backlash from US agriculture

EU Threatens Indonesia About Retaliating Against Biodiesel Duties

JAKARTA: European Union representatives to Indonesia on Thursday challenged a plan to impose duties on European dairy goods in retaliation for the bloc’s duties on palm biodiesel, warning such action would violate World Trade Organization rules.

Indonesia’s Trade Minister Enggartiasto Lukita said on Aug 9 he was recommending to an inter-ministerial team a 20%-25% tariff on EU dairy products as the appropriate response to the EU’s plan to impose 8% to 18% countervailing duty on biodiesel from Indonesia.

The EU biodiesel market is worth an estimated €9 billion euros (US$10 billion) a year, with imports from Indonesia worth about €400 million, the European Commission said last month.

Indonesia’s total dairy and egg imports in 2018 were worth US$1 billion, trade ministry data showed, with most dairy imports coming from Australia, New Zealand, the United States and Europe.

“What the WTO does not allow, absolutely forbidden by the WTO regulation, is retaliation, which is what’s suggested in this case of dairy products,” the EU’s head of trade for Indonesia, Raffaele Quarto, told a briefing.

“In addition to that, if you see declaration of Indonesian importers that use dairy products from the EU, they pointed out it will damage the Indonesian economy to have this kind of measure,” Quarto said.

Charles-Michel Geurts, the head of the EU delegations to Indonesia, also noted problems with shipments of European spirits into Indonesia in the past six months amid suspicion this was linked to the biodiesel issue.

European spirit makers this year said they faced difficulties exporting drinks to Indonesia.

An Indonesian trade ministry official said there were delays in granting import licences for spirits from Europe but denied this was related to the dispute over palm oil.

“We are both members of WTO, we have rules of the game between partners,” said Geurts.

Indonesia’s director general of foreign trade at the trade ministry and the ministry’s spokesman declined to comment on Thursday.

The EU countervailing duties are another blow for Indonesia, the world’s biggest palm oil producer, after the bloc said that palm oil should not be included as a renewable transport fuel due to deforestation to make way for plantations.

Indonesia and Malaysia, the world’s second biggest palm oil producer, have repeatedly said the European measures against the edible oil industry are discriminatory.


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EU warns Indonesia about retaliating against biodiesel duties

Oil Industry Urges Trump Administration to Dismiss Biofuel Industry Wish List

NEW YORK (Reuters) – The American Petroleum Institute on Tuesday urged the Trump administration to reject proposals floated by U.S. farmers and ethanol producers to boost ethanol demand, the latest development in the clash over biofuel policy.

President Donald Trump last week said his administration was planning a “giant package” related to ethanol that would please U.S. farmers angry that many more oil refiners have been freed from obligations to use the corn-based fuel.

Trump is counting on support from both farmers and the oil industry in next year’s presidential election.

“We are deeply concerned by the RFS (Renewable Fuel Standard) policy changes the White House is currently considering,” said Frank Macchiarola, API’s vice president of downstream and industry operations, during a press call on Tuesday. “We hope the administration walks back from the brink of what would be a disastrous political decision that potentially hurts American drivers.”

The Renewable Fuel Standard requires refiners to blend biofuels like ethanol into their fuel, but allows the Environmental Protection Agency to grant waivers to financially troubled small facilities. The EPA announced in August a decision to grant 31 waivers to refineries under the Small Refinery Exemptions program, enraging farmers and ethanol producers who said the move undermines biofuel demand.

Since then, groups including the corn lobby and the Renewable Fuels Association have urged the administration to redistribute waived volumes from the exemptions into future biofuel volume mandates, a proposal API opposes.

“It is simply unfair for the burden of additional volume requirements to essentially be placed on the backs of those parties that have made decisions along the way to be able to comply with the law in the first place,” Macchiarola said.

The API late Friday submitted comments to the EPA on the proposed 2020 RFS volumes. API’s top concern is the ethanol blend wall, or the maximum amount of ethanol that can be blended into gasoline. Most U.S. gasoline contains 10% ethanol.

Separately, soybean associations from eight states including Nebraska, Missouri and Georgia sent a letter to Trump on Tuesday, saying the refinery exemptions were adding to farmers and biodiesel producers’ recent financial hardships. The group asked Trump to direct the EPA to make up for lost volumes caused by the exemptions.


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Oil industry urges Trump administration to dismiss biofuel industry wish list

The Ugly Truth About Biofuels

It is a truth (almost) universally acknowledged that the world needs to stop consuming so many fossil fuels–and to do so in a big hurry–if we are to have any hope lowering global carbon emissions in time to curb catastrophic climate change and to meet the goals set by the Paris climate agreement. In fact, according to an alarming 2018 study by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, in order to prevent global temperatures from rising more than 1.5 degrees Celsius over pre-industrial averages within this century, worldwide carbon emissions need to decrease by 45 percent by 2030 and be slashed all the way down to zero by the middle of the century–no easy feat.

There are a huge number of alternative energy sources, from zero-emissions nuclear to solar and wind, and the world of renewable energy technology grows more diverse and advanced all the time. One of these alternative energies, however, may not be as clean or renewable as you may think.

Biofuel seems like an obvious replacement for fossil fuels. It can be easily substituted for traditional fossil fuels without the cumbersome necessity of revamping the energy systems we already have in place. Take ethanol, for example, which you have already been using to fuel your car, as it is required by the government to be mixed into your gasoline. This is the beauty of biofuel–it’s so compatible with our current way of living, you may not even have known you were a biofuels user.

This is also, however, exactly what’s wrong with biofuel. It doesn’t change a system that is clearly broken, dirty, and unsustainable. In many ways it’s just the same as the fossil fuels that we are so very problematically dependent upon. Like fossil fuels, biofuels need to be combusted, and therefore, like fossil fuels, biofuels (despite their very green-sounding name and eco-friendly connotation) create carbon emissions.
Related: Analysts Cut WTI Oil Price Forecast Again

Yes, biofuels create less carbon than traditional fuels when they are burned, but this is not the whole story of biofuels’ carbon footprint. “Clean Technology” news site AZoCleantech reports that, “ the production of biofuels often involves using land already being utilized as farmland. This leads to deforestation, as more land is sought in order to keep up with the increasing demand for food worldwide. Indirectly, the production of biofuels actually increases CO2 levels because it reduces the number of trees transforming the toxic gas into oxygen. This is the first point which reveals biofuels to be a non-renewable source of energy.”

Furthermore, the biofuel supply chain largely relies on traditional fossil fuels, further rendering any emissions saved by the burning of the actual biofuels themselves moot. “From growth of ingredients through to transportation,” AZoCleantech goes on to say, “non-renewable energy sources are key to biofuel manufacture. Further to this, greenhouse gases are emitted at different stages of production, due to the burning of fuel used in farming, the production of fertilizers used on the crops, burning fuel during transport, and more. Meaning that while biofuels may emit fewer greenhouse gases when burned and are that they are produced from renewable products (such as corn and soybeans), these positives are dramatically outweighed by the negative impact of greenhouse gases being produced as an indirect effect of biofuel production, as well as the dependence on fossil fuels along the supply chain.”

While biofuel has enjoyed a fair amount of support from the United States Environmental Protection Agency, the United Nations has actually already acknowledged that biofuel, in many cases, does more harm than good. In the past, the UN has even tried to discourage the United States to reduce the country’s own biofuel production, which is itself a very sizeable industry backed by the country’s powerful corn lobby, because it is exacerbating the global food crisis. As Forbes has reported in the past, “Biofuels increase food prices (plus the volatility of those prices) and therefore don’t have many of the positive benefits for humanity claimed by proponents. In fact, the UN has asked the U.S. to suspend its biofuel mandates because it was exacerbating the food crisis: a child dies from hunger every 10 seconds. For the U.S. and the world, 48 million Americans live in poverty, and over 80% of the globe is undeveloped, so the rising competition between ‘fuel and food” is a moral issue.’”


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India Launches First Test Plant to Convert Plastic Waste to Diesel Fuel

Plastic waste has become a major environmental catastrophe. According to the UN Environmental Programme (UNEP), five trillion single-use plastic bags are used worldwide every year. About 60% of that plastic ends up landfills or the natural environment, ultimately returning into the food cycle and causing severe environmental and health consequences.

India has announced that single-use plastic would be completely phased out by 2022. It has also announced several research projects to recycle plastic waste into useful applications.

The first of its kind in India, the Indian Institute of Petroleum (IIP) under the Federal Ministry of Science and Technology has developed the technology to convert plastic waste to diesel.

The first demonstration plant in the country to convert plastic waste to diesel has been launched in Dehradun, in the Himalayan state of Uttarakhand. The plant can convert 1000 kilograms of plastic waste to 800 litres of diesel daily. IIP will make the oil available to government agencies regularly.

The diesel is automotive grade, meets specifications for use in vehicles and can be directly used to fuel cars, trucks and power generators. The raw material used is polyolefin waste, which accounts for approximately 70% of total plastics consumed.

The salient features of the project are that it is capable of producing diesel, gasoline (petrol) or aromatics along with LPG, through environmentally-friendly processes and it is economically viable.

“We have partnered with a local non-government organisation, that is working with communities, commercial entities and ragpickers to develop an effective waste plastic supply chain,” Dr Anjan Ray, Director of Indian Institute of Petroleum told Sputnik.

Dr Ray said, after six to nine months of regular operations and data generation, IIP plans to set up similar plants in India’s metro cities, which generate vast quantities of plastic waste.

IIP had also developed a technology to produce Bio Jetfuel, and the first commercial flight using a mix of Bio Jetfuel and Aviation Turbine Fuel was operated between Dehradun and New Delhi in August 2018. The Indian Air Force has also started using Bio Jetfuel, and the first flight – of an AN-32 aircraft flew during the Republic Day Parade on 26 January 2019, using Bio Jetfule produced at IIP.


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India Launches First Test Plant to Convert Plastic Waste to Diesel Fuel


Trump To Unveil Biofuel Plan Soon

DECATUR, Ill. (Reuters) – President Donald Trump is likely to announce a plan that aims to mitigate the impact of waivers granted to oil refineries on biofuel demand in the next couple of weeks, Agriculture Secretary Sonny Perdue said on Wednesday.

Speaking at a news conference on the sidelines of the Illinois Farm Progress Show, Perdue said Trump would like to deliver the news himself to farmers and indicated that he could visit the state.


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Water Hyacinth as Wonder Source of Biofuel

This invasive plant was reviled for clogging rivers but now it’s helping provide cleaner energy and protect health

It is 9am on the shores of Lake Victoria’s Winam Gulf in Kenya’s Kisumu county. Tourists are arriving on the beach in droves, preparing to spend the day sunbathing and taking boat rides. Behind them, enormous marabou storks on spindly grey legs are pacing the beach, waiting for scraps.

Nearby, a group of women scan the horizon, looking for the fishing boats that will soon arrive with their daily catch.

But there’s something else on the horizon too, a sheet of water hyacinth pulled over the surface of the lake. The leaves of the floating plant extending like an oversized green shag carpet, rolling gently in the wind.

“We hope that the boats arrive before the hyacinth covers this area, [because] it will be difficult for [the fishermen] to access the dry land and bring us fish,” says Elizabeth Keita, a fishmonger in the village of Dunga, as she eyes the bobbing green sheet in the distance.

Water hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes), an aquatic plant native to South America, first appeared in countries in Africa in the early 1900s. Scientists there dubbed it the “world’s worst aquatic weed”, after it spread from the Cape in the early 1900s and started clogging up major dams and rivers.

In east Africa, the nefarious invader arrived with Belgian colonists in Rwanda, who liked the look of its glossy leaves and delicate purple flowers floating in their garden ponds.

But by the 1980s, it had slipped out of Rwanda via the Kagera river and made its way downstream to Lake Victoria.

There, with no natural predators and perfect temperature conditions, the plant began gobbling up open space, choking off fishing routes and providing a new habitat for disease-carrying mosquitoes. But for women like Keita, it has meant dwindling income, as the boats that once brought silver lake fish to shore by the hundreds struggled to navigate the clogged waters.

But water hyacinth isn’t her only headache. Like most women here, to smoke the fish she buys, Keita must gather huge quantities of firewood, sometimes walking as far as 10km each way to collect enough kindling to complete her work. And each day as she cooks, she breathes in the thick, grey woodfire smoke.

“I have had chest complications a number of times in the last years,” says Keita, who is chairperson of the local fishmongers’ association.

About three out of four families in Kenya depend on wood or charcoal to cook their daily meals, and the rate is even higher in rural areas, Kenya’s latest demographic and health survey shows.

Using solid fuels like these for cooking increases indoor pollution. The World Health Organization estimates that about 14,300 Kenyans die annually from conditions linked to indoor air pollution – most of which is caused by cooking and heating sources, the most recent estimates released in 2009 show.

Outside Keita’s home on the shores of Lake Victoria, piles of cleared water hyacinth left to rot were a common site. But buried in those decaying waxy leaves was a renewable energy gold mine.

It turns out the floating plant isn’t just good at being abundant – its foliage also contains a high ratio of carbon to nitrogen. It’s a magic combination that has captivated researchers’ imaginations since as early as the 1980s when, across the world, they began to explore its potential as a biofuel. Just about 4kg of the dried plant was enough to cater for a large family’s daily energy needs, early research predicted.

In 2014, Nigerian academics announced they had got better yields of the gas when they mixed the plant with sanitised chicken manure. A few years later, Kenyan scientists confirmed what their Nigerian peers and others had already found: animal dung worked to power charge the process of converting the weed into gas. In India, scientists took this idea and ran with it, mixing water hyacinth with the more famous Cannabis sativa, the same family of plants that marijuana comes from, as a proposed answer for periodic shortages of cow dung.

In 2018, the technology came to Dunga promising a two-for-one solution to the dual menaces of the water hyacinth and dependence on firewood. The community received two donated biogas digesters – machines that would transform a mix of water hyacinth and cow dung into biogas for cooking, as well as material for other household tasks such as incubating chicks and purifying water.

The “digesters” work a bit like a stomach. Food goes in one end – think of it as a mouth – and over the next 20 to 30 days, it ferments and breaks down, giving off gas that comes out the other end. From there, the clean-burning gas is piped to the point of use, just like traditional domestic gas.

Currently, there are about 50 of these biogas digesters slated for Kenya. In Dunga, some are connected to multiple family stoves so that altogether they produce enough gas to serve about 60% of the village’s population.

Kenya’s Biogas International company installed the stoves in partnership with the pharmaceutical firm AstraZeneca and the University of Cambridge’s Institute for Sustainability.

The project will test whether biogas can provide an effective alternative to firewood and charcoal in rural Kenyan communities.

The programme is only months old but, anecdotally, it seems to be working. Keita says the members of her fishmongers’ association are already getting sick less often. And because they don’t have to devote hours a day to walking long distances to collect firewood, they’re making more money as well.

Kanyiva Muindi is an epidemiologist and air pollution research fellow at the African Population and Health Research Centre in Nairobi. She says families who switch to the smokeless cooking method could expect fewer respiratory issues and even some forms of cancer because where there’s smoke, there’s PAHs – polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, a carcinogen released during burning of certain materials such as wood, corn cobs or cow dung, researchers recently reported.

Women, young girls and children are particularly vulnerable because they spend so much time in the kitchen or outside over cooking fires. Worldwide, scientists are still exploring whether PAHs are linked to pockets of high rates of oesophageal cancer in the country.

How much better the biogas stoves will be for the community’s health still needs more research, says Dominic Kahumbu Wanjihia, Biogas International’s chief executive. But unless the price of the digesters drops, it’s pretty clear that most communities will never be able to afford the machines, which sell for about $750.

Kanyiva says affordability is a challenge worth addressing, given the huge health and environmental dangers posed by “dirty” fuels such as wood, charcoal and kerosene. If biogas could become affordable on a large scale, she says it “would be life-changing for millions on the African continent and beyond”.

For Keita, meanwhile, one unexpected benefit of the stoves has been the way they have changed her view of water hyacinth. For years, she had regarded it as little more than a menace. But now, she says, “the hyacinth is becoming a useful resource!”


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Trump Orders Biofuel Boost in Bid to Temper Farm State Anger

President Trump, seeking to tamp down political fallout in U.S. farm states essential to his reelection, has ordered federal agencies to shift course on relieving some oil refineries of requirements to use biofuel such as corn-based ethanol.

Trump and top Cabinet leaders decided late Thursday they wouldn’t make changes to just-issued waivers that allow small refineries to ignore the mandates, but agreed to start boosting biofuel-blending quotas to make up for expected exemptions beginning in 2021. The outcome was described by four people familiar with the matter who asked not to be named before a formal announcement could be made.

The decision was reached after a flurry of White House meetings this week on the issue, which divides two of Trump’s top political constituencies: rural Americans and the oil industry. With the move, Trump is largely siding with farmers, ethanol producers and political leaders in Iowa that have accused the president of turning his back on the industry.

But the administration’s shift risks blowback in Pennsylvania and other battleground states, where blue-collar refinery workers have held rallies to push for relief from U.S. biofuel quotas they say are too expensive. The largest coalition of U.S. building trades unions on Thursday warned Trump that changing course on exemptions would betray the president’s “campaign promise to protect every manufacturing job.”

“President Trump is committed to ensuring our country not only continues to be the agricultural envy of the world, but also remains energy independent and secure,” White House spokesman Judd Deere said.

Administration officials agreed to the broad contours of a renewable fuel plan, including further moves to encourage the use of E15 gasoline containing 15% ethanol, beyond the 10% variety common across the U.S. E15 could be dispensed alongside conventional ethanol blends at filling stations, under the drafted changes.

Under the tentative plan, the Environmental Protection Agency also will give a 500-million-gallon boost to the amount of conventional renewable fuel, such as ethanol, that must be used in 2020. A separate quota for biodiesel, typically made from soybeans, would get a 250-million-gallon increase.

Additionally, the administration will enhance a program meant to expand U.S. fueling infrastructure and get more ethanol into the system. The EPA will adopt an Agriculture Department assessment of the greenhouse gas emissions associated with renewable fuel, and will expand environmental credits encouraging automakers to produce “flex-fuel” vehicles that can run on high-ethanol gasoline.

The EPA has drawn intense criticism for its Aug. 9 decision to exempt 31 refineries from 2018 biofuel-blending requirements. Although federal law authorizes the waivers for small refineries facing an economic hardship, the number of those exemptions has surged during the Trump administration, and biofuel producers say they are being handed out too freely.

The backlash has been most severe in Iowa, the nation’s top producer of ethanol and the corn used in its manufacture. It is also crucial for Trump’s reelection; the state twice voted for Barack Obama before voting to send Trump to the White House in 2016.

Trump’s Democratic challengers have seized on the issue, with front-runner Joe Biden accusing the president of lying to farmers and abandoning a campaign promise to “unleash ethanol.”

However, EPA officials and oil industry leaders say the waivers haven’t harmed domestic ethanol demand and blame a glut of the product for suppressing prices. Trump’s trade war with China has exacerbated the industry’s economic challenges. As with U.S.-grown agricultural products, including soybeans, ethanol faces retaliatory tariffs in China.

Against the backdrop of tariffs, the exemptions delivered another blow to the U.S. Midwest, where guaranteed domestic ethanol demand helps provide a floor of support for corn farmers and buttresses swings in commodity prices. Ethanol refining accounts for about 40% of U.S. corn consumption.

American “agriculture has a problem if ethanol doesn’t do well,” Green Plains Inc. chief executive officer Todd Becker said in a telephone interview on Thursday. The Omaha-based company created a political action committee last month, and Becker told analysts in May that Green Plains plans to “engage” 2020 U.S. presidential candidates on ethanol policies.

Becker said he “can’t fault” Trump for getting tough on China, but the combination of the trade war and small refinery exemptions was causing too much pain. “You don’t fight China and then give out SREs,” Becker said. “Farmers are furious now.”

Agriculture Secretary Sonny Perdue had urged the White House to rescind some of the recently issued waivers — at least those for refineries tied to “big” oil companies — according to an Aug. 20 memo obtained by Bloomberg. EPA officials successfully argued that would be illegal.

Instead, Trump directed the agency to increase biofuel quotas to make up for the exemptions, a so-called reallocation that will effectively boost the burden for larger refineries that are not eligible to win waivers. The EPA will start incorporating expected exemptions into annual biofuel quotas beginning with 2021.

Oil industry leaders blasted the tentative agreement on Friday, saying it would do little for U.S. farmers while hurting domestic refiners.

“Reallocation would be a major hit to fuel manufacturers in Pennsylvania and Ohio — and refinery workers across the country — with zero benefit to ethanol,” said Derrick Morgan, a senior vice president with the American Fuel and Petrochemical Manufacturers. “Those celebrating will ultimately be foreign biofuel producers whose biodiesel is being imported to help meet mandates.”

The EPA typically sets each year’s biofuel blending requirements by Nov. 30 of the preceding year, except for biodiesel quotas, which are set two years in advance. Under the U.S. Renewable Fuel Standard program, there’s a specific mandate for biodiesel, but the soybean-based product can also be used to satisfy an implied 15-billion-gallon quota for conventional renewable fuel.

Frank Macchiarola, a vice president at the American Petroleum Institute, called the drafted plan a “rushed, arbitrary policy.”

“We hope the administration walks back from the brink of a disastrous political decision that punishes American drivers,” Macchiarola said. “Bad policy is bad politics.”

Although the tentative plan was meant to assuage biofuel allies, it’s not clear it was having the intended effect Friday, amid industry skepticism the EPA would follow through on the agreement. Iowa officials are preparing to visit Washington for a formal rollout of the policy changes.

Biodiesel industry advocates say they can produce more fuel — and the Trump administration needs to take that into account.

“With a level playing field in biodiesel trade in 2018, domestic producers increased output by several hundred million gallons,” said National Biodiesel Board spokesman Paul Winters. “We can continue to do so — as long as EPA stops using RFS waivers to destroy demand and put biodiesel producers out of business.”


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EU Imposes Duties on Indonesian Biodiesel

The European Commission had launched an anti-subsidy investigation in December following a complaint by the European Biodiesel Board

THE European Commission on Tuesday imposed countervailing duties of 8 per cent to 18 per cent on imports of subsidised biodiesel from Indonesia, saying the move was aimed at restoring a level playing field for European Union (EU) producers.

“The new import duties are imposed on a provisional basis and the investigation will continue with a possibility to impose definitive measures by mid-December 2019,” the EU executive said in a statement.

Last week Indonesia’s trade minister said he would recommend to an inter-ministerial team a 20 to 25 per cent tariff on EU dairy products in response to the EU targeting the country’s biodiesel, adding that he had asked dairy product importers to find sources of supply outside the 28-nation bloc.

The EU duties are another blow to Indonesian biodiesel producers after the bloc said in March that palm oil should be phased out of renewable transportation fuels due to palm plantations’ contribution to deforestation.

The European Commission, which coordinates trade policy for the EU, launched an anti-subsidy investigation in December following a complaint by the European Biodiesel Board.

It said its investigation showed that Indonesian biodiesel producers benefit from grants, tax benefits and access to raw materials below market prices.

The EU biodiesel market is worth an estimated nine billion euros (S$13.92 billion) a year, with imports from Indonesia worth about 400 million euros, it said.

Indonesia Biofuels Producers Association (APROBI) chairman MP Tumanggor told Reuters that companies impacted by the anti-subsidy duties will likely be forced to renegotiate their contracts with buyers in the EU and it may reduce 2019’s biodiesel exports.

“We initially targeted 1.4 million tonnes exports this year to Europe, that will not be reached,” Mr Tumanggor said, adding that exports may only reach around one million tonnes.

He said the group is in consultation with the government to respond to the duties decision by the EU.

Indonesian officials did not respond to requests for comment from Reuters on the countervailing duties decision.

In a separate report, Indonesia’s Energy and Mineral Resources Ministry said biodiesel with 30 per cent palm diesel blend passed a series of cold temperature tests this week as the government aims to increase the palm content in biodiesel early next year.

Indonesian President Joko Widodo said earlier this week he wants the so-called B30 standard to be adopted in January next year, up from the current B20 standard which contains a 20 per cent blend of palm fatty acid methyl ester (FAME).

Mr Widodo said the higher blend of palm in biodiesel should be able to address the problem of high energy imports and slowing global demand for palm by increasing domestic consumption of the vegetable oil.

The energy ministry said a number of passenger cars were tested in Java’s highland region where they were left in cold temperatures for up to 21 days.

“The start ability test results show that the cars can be started normally. This proves that the B30 flows well in the engine even though it has been left for 21 days in cold conditions,” Dadan Kusdiana, head of the research department at the energy ministry said in the statement. The B30 fuel is expected to go through more tests until October.

Energy ministry estimates that consumption of FAME could increase by more than 50 per cent next year with the implementation of the B30 standard. Indonesian palm oil exports are under pressure after the European Union said palm should be phased out from transportation fuels in its market due to its contribution to deforestation, while India, the world’s top vegetable oil buyer, has imposed an import tax on palm oil. REUTERS


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EU To Impose Import Duties on Indonesia Biodiesel

BRUSSELS/PARIS/JAKARTA, July 24 (Reuters) – The European Commission has proposed duties ranging from 8% to 18% on imports of biodiesel from Indonesia to counter what it says are unfair subsidies, the latest twist in a case that has lasted seven years.

The subsidies would be a double blow for Indonesian biodiesel after the European Union decided in March that palm oil should no longer be considered as green and so should be phased out of renewable transportation fuel.

The Commission, which coordinates trade policy for the 28-member European Union, launched an anti-subsidy investigation in December following a complaint by the European Biodiesel Board.

The EU executive said there was evidence that producers in Indonesia benefited from subsidies in the form of export financing, tax breaks and provision of palm oil, the key raw material, at artificially low prices.

Indonesian authorities plan to challenge the duties and will coordinate their response with the companies and the Indonesian biodiesel association, a senior Indonesian trade official told Reuters.

“The companies are now working to rebut the proposed calculations of the EU for which the deadline is this Friday,” said Pradnyawati, director of trade security at Indonesia’s Trade Ministry.

The chairman of the Indonesian producers’ biofuel association, Master Parulian Tumanggor, said the EU’s allegations were “totally untrue.”

“We Indonesian palm oil companies believe that we have never received any subsidies from the government,” he told Reuters. “The loans we received were based on a commercial scheme and we pay tax according to the regulation.”

The proposed import duty rates are 8% for Ciliandra Perkasa , 15.7% for Wilmar Group, 16.3% for Musim Mas Group and 18% for Permata Group, according to a document supplied to interested parties.

The measures would be provisional, pending the conclusion of the EU investigation, and be put in place by Sept. 6. Definitive duties, typically applied for five years at the end of an investigation, would need to be set by Jan. 4, 2020.

Measures can be blocked by EU member countries.

European biodiesel producers welcomed the move.

“It is an excellent thing for the biodiesel industry in Europe in order to regain fair and market competition as it had been the case with Argentina,” European Biodiesel Board (EBB)chairwoman Kristell Guizouarn told Reuters.

“It is legitimate to have provisional duties since there is a subsidy for Indonesian biodiesel.”

The EU began looking into biodiesel from Argentina and Indonesia in 2012 and imposed anti-dumping duties on companies from both major producers in 2013. However, the firms subsequently won challenges at the European Court of Justice and the World Trade Organization.

This prompted the EU to remove duties on most biodiesel imports from the two countries, but the Commission also started an investigation into possible unfair subsidies.

It set duties of 25.0-33.4% for Argentine producers in February, but also simultaneously offered them tariff-free access for about 1.2 million tonnes as long as they sold at a certain minimum price.


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UN Report Warns of Clash Between Bioenergy and Food

Models suggest large areas of land are needed for forests and biofuel crops to halt climate change, but this risks worsening hunger, draft tells policymakers.

Blanketing the globe with monocultures of forests and bioenergy crops is no dream fix to the climate crisis, a leaked draft report by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) warns.

Models suggest large areas of land are needed to draw carbon dioxide out of the air to limit global warming to 1.5C, the most ambitious target in the Paris Agreement.

This risks worsening hunger by competing with food production for space, according to the draft summary for policymakers obtained by Business Standard.

“Widespread use at the scale of several millions of km2 globally” of tree-planting and bioenergy crops could have “potentially irreversible consequences for food security and land degradation”, the report said.

Intensifying the production of bioenergy crops through the use of fertilisers, irrigation and monocultures could also erode soil and its capacity to soak up carbon in the long run.

UN report on 1.5C blocked from climate talks after Saudi Arabia disputes science

There is rising demand for fuels derived from plants as a source of renewable energy. The Paris-based International Energy Agency (IEA), describes modern bioenergy as the “overlooked giant” of renewables, predicting it will outpace solar, wind and hydropower in the next five years.

However, converting land to bioenergy production could deprive countries of valuable agricultural soil and displace crops and livestock to less productive regions. Populations most at risk of food insecurity were sub Saharan Africa and southern Asia, the IPCC draft said.

To minimise the conflict, scientists advised governments to limit the scale of bioenergy. Depending on the way countries developed, negative effects from biofuel crops could kick in starting from between 2 and 6 million km2 globally.

A safer way to reduce land emissions is to protect and restore ecosystems known for their capacity to absorb carbon, including grasslands, peatlands and coastal wetlands, which affect smaller areas.

On the food production side, measures to cut waste and a shift to lower meat diets can also help to alleviate pressure on land.

The report dealt a blow to the system of intensive agriculture spawned after the second world war and called for a shift to sustainable farming. The current food system is responsible for over half of human-caused methane emissions and 25-30% of total greenhouse gas emissions.

Breaking monocultures by cultivating several crops at once, planting more crops to enrich and protect soil, such as legumes, and reducing tillage could help soil absorb more carbon.

The findings chime with research by French think tank IDDRI published in December, which showed that an agroecological food system in Europe could slash emissions by around 40% compared to 2010.

The report urged policymakers to consult local people, “particularly the most vulnerable”, over the use of land. This could help governments identify the most appropriate uses for land and overcome potential conflicts or trade-offs.

Responding to media reports on the leak, the IPCC said in a statement that “drafts of the report are collective works in progress that do not necessarily represent the IPCC’s final assessment of the state of knowledge”.

Government representatives are due to meet 2-6 August to consider the report and finalise the summary for policymakers ahead of publication.


This article was published on and written by Natalie Sauer

US Biodiesel Company Commits Environmental Fraud

Federal officials in California fined a San Joaquin biodiesel manufacturing company $401,000 for violating Clean Water Act violations after the firm admitted to tampering with monitoring equipment and dumping wastewater into a city sewer system in Stockton.

The U.S. Attorney’s Office for the Eastern District of California announced July 11 the fines against American Biodiesel Inc., saying employees tampered with flow meters and acidity recordings to underreport pollutants that would have violated city regulations.


  • How is this possible anno 2019?
  • Does this reflect the values of the company?
  • Was the CEO or Senior Management involved in this fraud?


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California Biodiesel Firm Fined Over Dumping Wastewater

New Way to Produce Biodiesel from Glucose

A team of researchers from South Korea has developed a new strategy to efficiently produce fatty acids and biofuels from glucose.

In a study published in the journal Nature Chemical Biology, researchers from Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology have shown how glucose and oleaginous microorganisms can be transformed into microbial diesel fuel, through direct fermentative production.

Developed by Professor Sang Yup Lee and his team, the new strain showed very high efficiency in producing fatty acids and biodiesel.

While biodiesel is largely produced through the transesterification of vegetable oils or animal fats, the South Korean team has engineered oleaginous microorganisms, known as Rhodococcus opacus, to produce fatty acids and their derivatives, which can be used as biodiesel, from glucose.

The researchers have previously engineered Escherichia coli to produce short-chain hydrocarbons, which can be used as gasoline (this work was published in the Nature journal in 2013).

However, the production efficiency using E. coli fell short of the levels required for commercialisation, leading the team to instead use Rhodococcus opacus as a host strain in their latest research.

They first optimised the cultivation conditions of Rhodococcus opacus to maximise the accumulation of oil (triacylglycerol), which serves as a precursor for the biosynthesis of fatty acids and their derivatives.

The team then systematically analysed the metabolism of the strain and redesigned it to enable higher levels of fatty acids, as well as two types of fatty acid-derived biodiesel to be produced.

The resulting strains have been recorded as the highest concentrations ever by microbial fermentations, and it is hoped that they will contribute to the future industrialisation of microbial-based biodiesel production.

“This technology creates fatty acids and biodiesel with high efficiency by utilising lignocellulose, one of the most abundant resources on the Earth, without depending on fossil fuels and vegetable or animal oils,” explained Professor Lee. “This will provide new opportunities for oil and petroleum industries, which have long relied on fossil fuels, to turn to sustainable and eco-friendly biotechnologies.”

The research paper, titled ‘Engineering of an oleaginous bacterium for the production of fatty acids and fuels’, was published in Nature Chemical Biology in June.


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Researchers develop new strategy to produce biodiesel from glucose

B10 Biodiesel To Go Mainstream in Thailand and B7 out

Malaysia isn’t the only country pushing harder for biodiesel. Thailand’s energy ministry has plans to move B10 biodiesel into the mainstream to replace the current B7 biodiesel used.

Availability of B10 as the primary diesel blend will be made from November, and B7 will be phased out at petrol stations before usage is stopped completely from November 2020, the Bangkok Post reports.

The reasons for both countries are the same – to increase the use of crude palm oil and to address environmental issues.

“The ministry is confident that B10 will become the preferred fuel by local motorists because the ministry is providing a grace period of over a year for biodiesel refineries to improve their refining processes and oil formulas; for example a monoglyceride reduction – a form of fatty acid – from 0.7% to below 0.4%. Oil traders have to prepare for B10 availability across the country for diesel-powered pickups, buses and trucks,” said energy minister Siri Jirapongphan.

Thailand is currently trialling B20 biodiesel on big trucks, public buses, express boats and agricultural machinery, but car and pick-up truck manufacturers are more apprehensive on the blend that’s heavier on methyl ester from crude palm oil.

The minister forecasts B20 consumption to increase from 70 million litres on average per month to 110 million litres in June.

The Thai government has been subsidising the B20 retail price, making it five baht cheaper than B7. The subsidy programme will expire on July 31 and the B20 price will be cheaper than B7 by three baht per litre. B20 can be bought from 900 stations across the kingdom.

Siri said that with the introduction of B10 biodiesel, the consumption of crude palm oil will reach two million tonnes annually compared to the current 1.5 million tonnes with B7.

Late last year, Malaysia launched a B10 biodiesel programme that it claimed will reduce the emission of 1.6 million tonnes of carbon dioxide (CO2) per year, and boost demand for Malaysian palm oil.

“The air quality, especially in the urban areas, will also increase through the use of biodiesel with the reduced emission of dust and black smoke into the air.

The implementation of the B10 programme is apt at this time in view of the lower price of palm oil biodiesel compared to petroleum diesel,” prime minister Tun Dr Mahathir Mohamad said then, adding that the programme will also help the country to achieve its low-carbon mobility objective, as outlined in the 11th Malaysia Plan.

Expect the ratio of palm oil content to increase in the future. “Malaysia needs to increase the fuel mixture in the future to strengthen domestic demand for palm oil,” Mahathir said, citing Indonesia’s B20 programme that has been running since 2016.

The PM said that the hoped that all parties will be ready to adopt B20 by year 2020.

According to the the primary industries ministry, the Malaysian Palm Oil Board (MPOB) has been carrying out field tests on diesel vehicles without encountering any problem.

The tests involved 150,000 litres of B10 biodiesel.

There was also an MPOB-DBKL test that clocked up over three million kilometres in just over three and a half years without any breakdowns.

It added that the palm oil-based biodiesel is a renewable energy produced by sustainable palm cultivation, and the use of one tonne of such biodiesel is equivalent to a reduction of three tonnes of CO2 in the air.

In Malaysia, palm oil biodiesel was initiated in 2011 with the B5 programme, before this was increased to the current B7 blend from November 2014.

Is B10 safe? We’ve written a fair bit about B10 biodiesel before, and you can learn more about the fuel with the 10% palm oil mix here. Also check out what MPOB’s biodiesel researcher, Dr Harrison Lau, has to say here.


This article was published on and written by Danny Tan

B10 biodiesel to go mainstream in Thailand – B7 out

Will EPA Kill The Small Biofuel Farmers?

President Donald Trump followed through on his promise to break down regulatory barriers at the Environmental Protection Agency and allow year-round E15 sales.

Iowa’s farmers and ethanol producers are grateful.

But the E15 rule will not make up for the damage that EPA is doing with its small refinery exemptions — particularly not for small biodiesel producers.

Over the past year, the biodiesel and renewable diesel industry has lost demand for hundreds of millions of gallons of product through the RFS loophole EPA created.

EPA has always granted RFS exemptions to a handful of small refineries every year since 2013. But in 2017, EPA began handing out these exemptions to some of the biggest, most profitable oil companies in the world.

It doesn’t seem possible that every oil company in the United States could be facing a hardship from blending biofuels, when fuel sales are climbing, and oil prices are strong.

For 2017, EPA granted RFS exemptions to 35 oil refineries. The total volume of gasoline and diesel produced by that group of oil refineries was more than 17 billion gallons.

That’s an enormous amount of fuel compared to biofuel producers. EPA set the 2017 RFS volume for all U.S. biofuel producers — ethanol, biodiesel and all other types — only at 19.1 billion gallons.

And that volume was eventually cut to 17.2 billion gallons through the exemptions.

EPA is protecting as much market space for oil refiners — excluding them from competition — as it is for biofuel producers. That’s turning the RFS program upside down.

According to University of Illinois economist Scott Irwin, if EPA continues to grant the exemptions to everyone who asks — the way it has been granting them — the demand destruction could reach 2.45 billion gallons over the next few years, with a $7.7 billion economic loss for the biodiesel and renewable diesel industry.

Biodiesel producers are tiny compared to so-called small oil refineries. Take CVR Energy, owned by wealthy investor Carl Icahn, as an example.

CVR reportedly received an exemption for its Wynnewood, Oklahoma, refinery, which refines 74,500 barrels of oil each and every day. A mid-sized biodiesel producer would refine less than an equivalent amount of vegetable oil in an entire month.

A single exemption for a small oil refinery can put a biodiesel producer out of business.

The math is simple enough. Since each barrel of oil yields a little more than 31 gallons of gasoline and diesel, a refinery the size of CVR’s produces more than 2.3 million gallons of fuel a day and over 860 million gallons each year.

The advanced biofuel RFS obligation for such a refinery this year would include close to 21 million gallons of biomass-based diesel. And there are dozens of small biodiesel producers across the country who produce less than that.

If a small biodiesel producer gets put out of business, it will impact more people than just the 20 or 30 plant workers.

Twenty million gallons of biodiesel production supports more than 600 jobs across the economy — from farmers to truck drivers.

Biodiesel producers are often the primary drivers of local economies.

According to recent news reports, the president is aware that his EPA is turning the RFS program on its head through small refinery exemptions.

He gave direction to EPA on the E15 rule and ensured it got done quickly. America’s biodiesel producers need him to take decisive action on the RFS exemptions.

Tom Brooks is general manager of Western Dubuque Biodiesel, a 30-million gallon per year facility in Farley whose investors include area soybean growers.


  • Do you think EPA policies are against the little farmer?
  • Were the policies designed by big business?
  • Is this policy really supporting US households?


This article was published on and written by Tom Brooks.

Don’t put small biodiesel out of business

Boeing to Expand Investment in Brazil Biofuel

Boeing today announced a USD 1 million investment in Brazil’s efforts to establish a sustainable aviation fuel industry. The investment will focus on initiatives that maximize social, economic and environmental benefits to local communities engaged in the development of feedstock that can be used to produce sustainable aviation fuel (SAF). In 2018, the company provided an additional USD 1 million to the industry’s efforts in Brazil.

“Brazil is a biofuel powerhouse and we believe this leadership can translate into benefits for small farmers and communities at the forefront of the multi-feedstock supply chain supporting biojet fuel production in the country,” said Marc Allen, senior vice president of Boeing and president of Embraer Partnership & Group Operations.

Boeing will collaborate with long-time partners World Wide Fund for Nature and the Roundtable on Sustainable Biomaterials (RSB) to identify small communities of farmers in Brazil with the most promising potential to provide biomass for SAF production. The producers will then be certified using sustainability indicators that drive social benefits such as income generation, solid labor practices and food security. Groups of small farmers that produce sugarcane and macaúba oil in southeast Brazil have already been certified by RSB in recent years, with Boeing’s financial support.

In 2013, both WWF and RSB were stakeholders in the development of Flightpath to Aviation. This detailed report, led by Boeing, Embraer and the Sao Paulo State Research Foundation (FAPESP), outlined the unique opportunities and challenges of creating a cost-effective, bio-derived, and sustainable jet-fuel production and distribution industry in Brazil.

This latest investment builds on Boeing’s long-standing commitment to supporting and developing Brazil’s aviation and aerospace ecosystem through education and training programs, research and development initiatives and industry partnerships.

“Over the past 10 years, Boeing has invested more than USD 2 million in community projects in Brazil,” said Allen. “Brazil is a leader in the global aerospace industry and Boeing is committed to working with our local partners to ensure it remains at the forefront of innovation for generations to come.”

Building the next generation of aviation and aerospace talent is a key focus for Boeing’s community investment around the world. The company expects to make an announcement about further investment in science, technology, engineering and math (STEM) education in Brazil in the coming weeks.

Boeing is the world’s largest aerospace company and leading provider of commercial airplanes, defense, space and security systems, and global services. The company supports commercial and government customers in more than 150 countries. Boeing employs more than 150,000 people worldwide and leverages the talents of a global supplier base. Building on a legacy of aerospace leadership, Boeing continues to lead in technology and innovation, deliver for its customers and invest in its people and future growth.


Boeing to Expand Investment in Brazil’s Sustainable Aviation Fuel Industry

Maersk Goes Carbon-Neutral Transport

A new carbon neutral product – the first of its kind in the industry – is being piloted with select Maersk customers who are highly engaged in sustainable solutions for their supply chain. H&M Group is the first company to trial it as part of the shift towards carbon-neutral transportation.

Copenhagen, Denmark. The biofuel in the pilot project is the same blend of used cooking oil and heavy which has been tested and successfully validated in a trial driven in collaboration with the Dutch Sustainability Growth Coalition (DSGC), and Shell his year. It is certified as a sustainable fuel by the International Sustainability & Carbon Certification (ISCC) body.

“The biofuel trial on board Mette Maersk has proven that decarbonized solutions for shipping can already be utilized today, both technically and operationally. While it is not yet an absolutely final solution it is certainly part of the solution and it can serve as a transition solution to reduce CO2 emissions today. With the launch of this product, Maersk seeks to help our customers with their goal of moving to sustainable supply chains, “explains Søren Toft, Maersk COO.

The biofuel to be utilized is carbon neutral and provides, H&M Group the ability to reduce their transport and logistics emissions towards their aspiration of carbon neutrality, when accounting for only the emissions from the vessel. The Roundtable on Sustainable Biomaterials (RSB) will provide a procedure to ensure carbon savings are accredited to our customers appropriately. When taking a full lifecycle view including also all emissions from upstream production and transportation, the fuel entails savings of 85% compared to bunker fuel.

The goal of such pilot projects is to unlock the potential of sustainable fuels so they become a commercial reality.

“Our high ambition to become climate positive by 2040 requires cooperation and engagement from all parties in the supply chain. We want to use our size to be a force for good and enable scaling innovative solutions, such as the carbon neutral ocean product, for a greener commercial transport,” says Helena Helmersson, COO H&M Group.

We will use the biofuel project learnings to support a broader product offering and will continue to co-develop and facilitate the uptake of solutions that will help bring about more cost-efficient carbon-neutral options for the carbon neutral transportation.

Today the shift away from fossil fuels can be expensive for shippers. Ensuring the wide-scale adoption of carbonneutral solutions therefore requires technical innovation and supportive global policies.

“We believe this is the only commercially viable path to make the required investments our industry requires to reach the carbon neutral target. We are so pleased to see a significant shift in sentiment and involvement from customers, fuel suppliers, equipment manufacturers, and competitors towards sustainable solutions,” emphasizes Toft.

Shipping remains the most carbon-efficient means of global transport today, but accounts for 2-3% of global emissions. This number will continue to grow if left unchecked by industry leaders and policy makers.

Maersk will continue to facilitate, test, and develop low-carbon solutions on our journey to 2050.

About Maersk

A.P. Moller – Maersk is an integrated container logistics company working to connect and simplify its customers’ supply chains. As the global leader in shipping services, the company operates in 130 countries and employs roughly 76,000 people.


Maersk to offer customers carbon-neutral transport

Trump Orders Review of Controversial Biofuel Waiver Program

U.S. President Donald Trump has directed members of his Cabinet to review the administration’s expanded use of waivers exempting small refineries from the nation’s biofuel policy, after hearing from farmers angry about the issue during his recent Midwest tour, according to three sources familiar with the matter.

Trump’s move underscores the rising political importance of the U.S. Renewable Fuel Standard, a more than decade-old law which requires refineries to blend corn-based ethanol into their gasoline to help farmers, but which also provides waivers to small refining facilities that can prove compliance would cause them financial harm.

Since Trump took office, the Environmental Protection Agency has more than quadrupled the number of waivers it has granted, saving the oil industry hundreds of millions of dollars, but enraging another key constituency – corn growers – who claim the move threatens demand for one of their staple products.

Trump heard from disgruntled farmers and their political backers on the issue earlier this month when he visited the Midwest to tout his administration’s decision to lift a ban on summer sales of higher ethanol blends of gasoline called E15. Farmers welcomed that move but warned Trump it was negated by the surge in small refinery exemptions.

The sources said Trump, upon returning from his trip, asked the heads of the EPA and the U.S. Department of Agriculture to find solutions to address the farmers’ concerns. They said the EPA is now considering limiting use of the waivers or forcing larger refiners to make up for the exempted gallons – or a combination of both.

“I think Trump realized he may have a political problem and told (EPA Administrator Andrew) Wheeler to fix it,” said one of the sources, a refining industry lobbyist who was briefed on the matter and asked not to be named.

The EPA, in a statement on Thursday, said the “EPA will continue to work with the White House, USDA, members of Congress and other stakeholders to ensure the Renewable Fuel Standard’s continued stability.”

The USDA and the White House did not respond to requests for comment.

Any move to alter the small refinery waiver program would face resistance from the oil industry, already stung by the administration’s expansion of E15 sales.

They view the government support for biofuels as a competitive threat to petroleum, and argue that the waiver program is now being run as Congress intended.

“The president has made promises to refiners, too. He promised to keep refineries competitive and he made promises to keep regulatory costs down, and we hope he keeps those promises,” said, Derrick Morgan, senior vice president of the refining trade group American Fuel and Petrochemical Manufacturers.

Trump’s expansion of the waiver program has become an unlikely talking point for several Democrats here vying to defeat him in the 2020 presidential election, including Senators Amy Klobuchar and Elizabeth Warren, who believe it can help turn farmers already stung by the trade wars against him.

The EPA granted 35 exemptions for 2017, up from seven in the last year of the Obama administration, according to agency data. That included waivers for refineries owned by profitable majors like Exxon Mobil Corp and Chevron Corp, as well as one owned by billionaire investor Carl Icahn.

The exemptions represent more than 2 billion gallons of potentially lost demand for ethanol, the biofuel industry says. However, the extent of the actual demand destruction, if any, is a matter of intense debate.

The EPA has delayed action on the 39 pending applications for the 2018 calendar year.


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Trump orders review of controversial biofuel waiver program: sources

Clariant to Chair the Coalition Leaders of Sustainable Biofuels

Today Leaders of Sustainable Biofuels (LSB) nominated Gloria Gaupmann, Head of Public Affairs, Technology & Innovation, Clariant, as Chairwoman at LSB’s Annual General Meeting in Brussels. Gloria takes over the Chair from Marko Janhunen, Director, Public Affairs at UPM, who served as chair since 2017.

LSB is working closely with the European Commission, Members of the European Parliament and the Member States representatives to provide credible information on the potential of advanced biofuels in the European Union. LSB supports the dedicated and binding target for advanced biofuels in the revised Renewable Energy Directive REDII.

“The REDII sets the right direction by enabling advanced biofuels to contribute to the decarbonization of EU transport. The new Parliament and the incoming Commission need to defend and strengthen this course,” Gloria Gaupmann stated after her nomination.

“A quick and ambitious transposition of REDII in the member states is now key. The Commission must keep a close watch on the Member States to ensure a coherent and forceful implementation of the agreed targets. In addition, the Commission together with the EU legislators has to set the path towards 2050 where advanced biofuels should finally come from niche to norm”, Gloria Gaupmann continued.


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Clariant to chair the coalition “Leaders of Sustainable Biofuels

In Europe, Facts Don’t Win Over Theories When it Comes to Biofuel

Europe’s demonstrated preference for ideology over science explains why Europe is both the most vocal climate proponent on the world stage and also the most wasteful and ineffective one, Eric Sievers, director of investments at Ethanol Europe, told in an interview.

“That’s the danger of ideology, a situation in which folks who think they are fighting oil spend an entire decade spreading misinformation about the only actual market threat to oil and so preserving oil’s market share,” he said.

“In most societies, when facts collide with theories, facts win. Europe is different. It’s really scary that climate activists in Europe still argue against non-palm biofuels on the basis that what they heard in 2008 just felt right and so must be right,” Sievers added.

How can biofuel usage be increased under the Effort Sharing Regulation of the Clean Energy Package when RED II is designed to reduce biofuel consumption?

The Clean Energy Package rules were never thought through in Brussels. The unstated base assumption of legislators (and most NGOs) is and has always been that the transport sector is small and that the power sector is almost synonymous with energy in general. That could not be more wrong. The power sector accounts for less than half of EU energy.

So rules requiring Member States to heavily green the entire energy sector (which is what the Renewable Energy Directive does) or heavily decarbonise their non-EU ETS sectors (which is what the Effort Sharing Regulation does) cannot, in either case, plausibly sidestep the transport sector and still hope to deliver headline results in a cost-effective manner.

Indeed, the Energy Governance Regulation requires member states to make economically sound decisions, and member states that choose extremely expensive carbon mitigation solution may win applause from certain sectors, but when the costs come due, voters are certain to make it clear to governments that carbon budget accountability is no different than education budget accountability, military budget accountability or medical budget accountability.

Governments that waste money are bad governments; those that achieve goals cost-effectively are good governments. Conventional biofuels are, by an order of magnitude today, cheaper than electric vehicles or mythical advanced biofuels, and they are scalable now, whereas nothing else in the transport sector will be to 2030.

So, no matter what the RED says or what pie-in-the-sky fantasies persist among the talking heads in Brussels, conventional biofuels are the primary good governance choice for transport decarbonisation in the next decade.

Why should the EU member states consider increasing biofuel use to achieve the NECP targets?

Responsible member states should maximise biofuels use immediately because EU sourced conventional biofuels are proven, sustainable, inexpensive and scalable. This action should be complementary to consistent pushing for great gains in e-mobility, modal shift and advanced biofuels. In climate, carbon savings that only appear in 2030 are almost no help to the global climate, compared to savings that appear in 2020 and continue for the rest of the decade.

The consensus of the climate scientists is that what happens over the 10 years will be crucial to whether there is any hope of keeping global warming under 1.5 degrees.

Accordingly, any Member State policies that defer progress until late in the decade are deeply anti-climate, and any Member State policies that achieve 2030 targets early are climate champions.

In context, self-styled visionaries pushing ideal solutions or single solutions (like e-mobility) have become more part of the problem than part of the solution. Many are driven by ideology and not by physical, economic or technological realities.

At this point, climate action is really more about good management than ideology. Europe has a troubled history when it allows ideologues to invade governments, and there is simply no difference between ideology in the climate space and ideology in any other public issue.

According to you, what level of biofuel use the member states should include in their NECPs?

Finland and Sweden already have biofuel usage rates that are an order of magnitude above those in the rest of the EU and on par with Brazil. These examples make clear that basically all of the arguments about how difficult biofuels are simply cannot be true. Scaremongering about biofuels is remarkable just as much for its prevalence as for the simple fact that doomsday predictions have no empirical merit at all. The only black spot on biofuels is palm oil, and that is solved by banning palm. Banning palm is what opens the door to a sensible biofuels policy in Europe.

So today, the average biofuel inclusion rate in Europe is 5%. We know we can get to 10% without really changing anything. Sweden, Brazil and Finland show that 30% is also a 2020 solution and so hardly pushing the envelope for 2030 ambition. So we’d hope to see the several member states considering at least 20% by 2030 and all Member States getting to 10% as early as possible, hopefully no later than 2022.

After all, the simplest fact about biofuels is that they 1:1 displace oil. You can see directly how biofuels contribute to keeping oil in the ground.

What frameworks must governments put in place to ensure strict sustainability?

We already have a sustainability system in place, and within Europe, it works. The problem is that the RED was infected from day one with a policy approach that does not work: multiple counting. Introduced to spur innovation, it failed completely to do that, and instead, has resulted in massive and even expanding fraud in biofuel imports. While dozens of countries around the world are looking to first mover countries to design their own biofuels policies as a component of reaching their Paris Agreement goals, the RED’s multiple counting will never be adopted by anyone outside Europe. To the extent the current sustainability criteria can be improved, getting rid of multiple counting would do more than every other reform combined.

The goal of climate policy is not to solve the problem of high oil prices, but to reduce oil consumption. Oil is massively successful exactly because it has been inexpensive most of the time over the past 100 years. If biofuels were cheaper than oil, we wouldn’t need climate policy in the transport sector. One amazing fact about biofuels is that they are from time to time less expensive than their fossil counterparts, and over time the periods when they are less expensive are becoming more frequent, especially in countries like Brazil and the United States where biofuels policies have been strong, unlike Europe.

So the rational starting point for transport policy is not to find something cheaper than oil, but to embrace the most cost-effective alternatives to oil. A well designed 2030 policy will thus result in minimal cost to society and in the case of biofuels can offset greater costs in the transport sector with greater benefits in the industrial and agricultural sectors. Governments can also gain because there is no loss to the Exchequer or major infrastructure costs. Indeed, today in Europe the benefits biofuels bring to sustainable rural development are on par with their price premium over fossil fuels, meaning they really don’t cost society anything.

How do you explain the EU stance on the biofuels issue?

From 2008-2012 there was an onslaught of entirely imagined threats from biofuels: complicated models showing huge increases in crop prices from biofuels in 2020, a supposed six million hectares of African land that would be used to produce biofuels for Europe by the middle of this decade, a supposed lack of farmland and countless other non-empirical, but generally plausible potential outcomes. In retrospect, since biofuels were new in 2010, society can be forgiven for falling for theories and models that contradict basic agricultural economics and industrial realities.

I say in retrospect because it is now 2019, and 2020 is now not so much an imagined future reality. Actual 2020 has zero biofuels coming in from Africa rather than 10 billion litres. Actual 2020 has crop prices that are lower than in 2010 by a good deal, rather than higher. Actual 2020 will have millions of hectares of less farmland in Europe than was the case in 2010 since farmers have been abandoning farming.

All of these facts mean that in any sane world, the biofuels scaremongering theories of 2010 would be tossed out as not only wrong but so dead wrong that all that has happened is that we have documented just how great biofuels are in practice. And in most societies, when facts collide with theories, facts win. Europe is different. It’s really scary that climate activists in Europe still argue against non-palm biofuels on the basis that what they heard in 2008 just felt right and so must be right.

That’s the danger of ideology, a situation in which folks who think they are fighting oil spend an entire decade spreading misinformation about the only actual market threat to oil and so preserving oil’s market share.

Ideology and bad policy are historical bedfellows. Europe’s demonstrated preference for ideology over science explains why Europe is both the most vocal climate proponent on the world stage and also the most wasteful and ineffective one.


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In Europe, facts don’t win over theories

Norway Shifting Away From Palm Oil Biofuel

Norway saw drop in palm oil consumption following new regulations limiting sales in response to concerns about deforestation for plantations.

The decrease has been lauded by a Norwegian rainforest advocacy group, which called it a “big win for rainforests.” Indonesia and Malaysia, the world’s two biggest palm oil producers, have warned of retaliation if a Europe-wide phase-out of the commodity from biofuels by 2030 goes ahead.

The consumption of palm oil-based biofuels fell 70 percent in Norway last year, following a government policy change on the purchase of the commodity that is being blamed for rampant deforestation in Indonesia and Malaysia.

In 2017, the Norwegian government issued the new policy in response to mounting concern that palm oil production is having a disastrous impact on forests in the countries in which it is produced.

By last month, it appeared to have had a significant impact, when the Norwegian Environment Agency (NEA) announced a 25 percent decline in the trade of biofuels from about 657 million liters (174 million gallons) in 2017, to 497 million liters (131 million gallons) traded in 2018.

“The decrease is primarily due to a sharp reduction in imports of palm oil from 317 million liters [84 million gallons] in 2017 to 93 million liters [25 million gallons] in 2018,” it said, or a drop of 70 percent.

Once lauded as a green alternative to traditional forms of fuel and food oils, palm oil has fallen out of favor with environmentalists, who decry that deforestation and destruction of peatlands have increased to make way for the plantations.

Oil palm plantations, though green to the eye, contribute to a larger carbon footprint than the forests they replace, as they can only store an average of about 40 tons of carbon per hectare compared to 400 tons for a hectare of forest.

In a statement, Nils Hermann Ranum, head of Rainforest Foundation Norway’s (RFN) drivers of deforestation program, celebrated the decrease in palm oil biofuel consumption, calling it “a big win for rainforests and the climate when we stop burning palm oil for fuel.”

“To combat climate change and stop the burning of the world’s rainforests, we need solutions that deliver. Consumption of biofuels based on palm oil and other high deforestation risk feedstocks adds fuel to the fire and must end,” he said, urging the EU “to follow suit.”

The Norwegian legislation was followed earlier this year by EU proposals to completely phase out the use of palm oil biofuel by 2030. That move drew the ire of the Indonesian and Malaysian governments, which said small, independent farmers would be the most hurt, and vowed to introduce retaliatory measures on European exports to their countries.

The EU phase-out plan does, however, make exceptions for palm oil produced on already unused land, and for smallholder farmers — but only those with fewer than 2 hectares (5 acres) of plantation land. Malaysia responded by insisting that farmers operating on 5 hectares (12 acres) should also be considered small-scale.

In April, Malaysian Primary Industries Minister Teresa Kok spearheaded a “Love My Palm Oil” event in parliament, and was quoted by the Bernama news agency that the government would “definitely do something” if the EU proceeds with the phase-out.

Earlier this month, the Indonesian trade minister, Enggartiasto Lukita, was quoted as saying that his government would be willing to file a lawsuit with the World Trade Organization against the EU if imports of palm oil are banned.

But Ranum from the RFN insisted that the portrayal of the policy changes are being incorrectly perceived “as a ‘ban’ on palm oil,” when in fact they represent “a removal of incentives to use biofuels based on feedstocks with a high risk of indirect land-use change (deforestation) to comply with renewable energy mandates, on the basis that they fail to deliver reductions in greenhouse gas emissions.”

Figures from the Malaysian Palm Oil Council show that there was a drop of nearly 4.5 percent in exports to Europe between January and April compared to the same period last year, which was attributed in part to new regulations on the acceptable levels of a contaminant that can be found in palm oil.

In Norway, an increase in the consumption of advanced, or second-generation biofuels — those made using waste products, animal feed or other residues — was seen as a positive step, according to the NEA.

“A total of 190 million liters [50 million gallons] of advanced [biofuel] (almost 40 per cent) were sold,” the NEA said. This was up from 138 million liters (36 million gallons) of advanced biofuel sold in 2017, or 21 percent of total biofuel sold, the NEA said.

About the reporter: Lauren Crothers is a photo editor at and a New York City-based freelance journalist with extensive reporting experience in Southeast Asia. You can find her on Twitter at @laurencro.


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Norway sees sharp drop in palm oil biofuel consumption after ban on government purchasing

Sweden Must Double Biofuels Use To Meet Emissions Goal

The use of biofuels for Sweden’s cars and trucks will need to more than double and the use of electricity increase ten-fold if the country is to meet its goal of zero transport emissions by 2045, according to a new study.

This is how Sweden meets its climate goals for transport, a report from the Royal Swedish Academy of Engineering Sciences, estimates that if the goal is to be met, the transport sector will require 25 TWh of electrical energy and as much as 40TWh of biofuels.

Currently Sweden uses about 19 TWh of biofuels and 2.6 TWh of electricity for domestic transport.

“It’s not enough to talk about charging stations in central Stockholm. We are also going to need large volumes of biofuel,” Karin Byman, who led the project, told The Local.

She said she was still convinced that a zero carbon transport sector was “technically possible”.

“But it is a big challenge because we need to change the way we look at transport. We need to have a more transport-effective society,” she said. “When we plan our cities we need to look at ‘where do you have the shops, where do you have the schools?’, so we don’t need to have so much traffic.”

Byman stressed that her argument that more energy would be needed from biofuels for transport than from electricity by 2045 did not mean electric cars would not dominate passenger transport.

“The electrical motor is so much more efficient than a normal engine, so it won’t require as much electricity as an amount as cars running on biofuel will require,” she explained.

By 2045 she expected most passenger cars to be electric, with biofuel used predominantly for planes, agricultural machinery, and a few of the oldest vehicles.

The increased reliance on biofuels will require new legislation to promote Swedish domestic production and cut out imports of biofuels produced unsustainably from palm oil and other sources.

“We need to look at existing regulation so we don’t just ask for more cars to use biofuels, we also need to en encourage more producers of biofuels to invest in new plants,” Byman said.

Sweden was capable of being self-sufficient in biofuels, she said. “We have such big forests and such a big country…There is a lot of waste from felling trees in the forests that they don’t care about today because the prices are too low.”


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Sweden ‘must double biofuels use’ to meet emissions goal: report

Malaysian Waste-to-Biodiesel Profits Up Due To Raising EU Demand

Amid the uproar over the European Union’s (EU) discriminatory move against palm oil, one player in the Malaysian palm oil downstream sector seems unperturbed and is in fact expecting better demand for its products this year from European clients

Gamalux Oils Sdn Bhd, which makes feedstock materials for biodiesel and animals, projects its export sales to top RM100 million this year, a growth of about 30 per cent from 2018. And Europe will be key to that growth. Established in October 2009, the export-oriented company has built a reputation in green technology, being a pioneer in solvent extraction technologies from renewable energy (palm oil base products).

Chief Executive Usman Ahmed said 80 per cent of its output was exported to European countries such as Italy, Spain, the Netherlands, the United Kingdom, Switzerland and the Scandinavian region. The rest goes to South Korea and China.

“The company recorded RM80 million sales last year and is on track to achieve this year’s higher target based on the demand shown by its existing clients, particularly those in the European sector,” he told Bernama in an interview.

Gamalux’s products, which originate 100 per cent from waste vegetable oils, had become much sought-after in the sustainable market, Usman said.

According to him, the company is not affected by the EU’s call to ban palm oil, as it is not in the main stream of edible palm oil but more in the collection of wastes to value add.

“We basically use green technology to recycle all the wastes out there.

“With certification from the International Sustainability and Carbon Certification and National Italian Scheme, to name a few, and with the new European sustainability policies, it has given us an advantage to gain more access to the market,” he explained.

The company’s two manufacturing plants are strategically located in Lahad Datu, the industrial capital of Sabah, one of the biggest crude palm oil producers among the states in Malaysia. This enables Gamalux to get sufficient materials from palm oil refineries and mills to produce its sustainable feedstock.

The plants, a solvent extraction plant and a specialised physical refinery, have a capacity of 400 tonnes per day (TPD) and 300 TPD, respectively.

Usman said with the current utilisation rate of 70 per cent, production can be further increased to meet the increasing demand.

He added that the company had also allocated RM16 million in capital expenditure this year for the physical refinery’s capacity expansion. – Bernama


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Gamalux to profit from sustainability policies of eu

Bio-Based Diesel Fuels like Neste MY Renewable Diesel Deliver Largest Carbon Emission Reductions for California Transportation Sector

HOUSTON (May 30, 2019) – According to new data gathered by the California Air Resources Board’s (CARB) Low Carbon Fuel Standard program, bio-based diesel fuels like Neste MY Renewable Diesel™ deliver the state’s biggest reduction in carbon emissions for the transportation sector.

In 2018, the use of these bio-based fuels reduced 4.3 million tons of carbon dioxide in California. This amount surpassed the reduction from ethanol for the first time since the program started in 2011. In that time renewable diesel and biodiesel have reduced CO2 emissions by over 18 million tons.

Neste MY Renewable Diesel is a low-carbon fuel produced from 100% renewable and sustainable raw materials, primarily wastes and residues. The fuel cuts greenhouse gas emissions by up to 80%* and reduces local engine-out emissions, all while enhancing fleet performance. Neste MY Renewable Diesel is a drop-in alternative to fossil diesel. It is fully compatible with current fuel distribution infrastructures and suitable for all diesel engines.

“This study from CARB is a welcome confirmation: renewable diesel can significantly reduce greenhouse gas emissions and make an immediate contribution to the reduction of California’s carbon footprint all while using existing infrastructure and without further investments,” said Jeremy Baines, Vice President of Sales, Neste US Inc.

“Transportation is currently the leading cause of carbon emissions in the US, and as such is a conspicuous starting point for change. As this study demonstrates, diesel operators can reduce their lifecycle greenhouse gas emissions already today, simply by switching to renewable diesel. At Neste, we believe strongly in renewables, and we have made significant investments to increase our renewable products production capacity by 2022.”

Neste is the world’s largest producer of renewable diesel refined from waste and residues, and the largest supplier of renewable diesel to the state of California.



ANA Signs Offtake Agreement for Sustainable Aviation Fuel

Deal will help ANA reach its sustainable development goals by significantly decreasing the ecological impact of each flight.

All Nippon Airways (ANA), Japan’s largest and 5-Star airline for seven consecutive years, has signed an offtake agreement with LanzaTech, Inc.Opens in a new window that will allow the company to purchase sustainable aviation fuel, a significant step in ANA’s efforts to minimize its environmental impact and meet Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).

This is not the first time that ANA has utilized sustainable aviation fuelOpens in a new window, and the current agreement targets 2021 for the delivery of the sustainable aviation fuel making ANA a leader in putting its green principles into practiceOpens in a new window.

“ANA has always been guided by our values, and our decision to transition to sustainable aviation fuel reflects how seriously we take our commitment to the environment,” said Akihiko Miura, Executive Vice President of ANA.

“Adopting this advanced fuel will allow us to reduce CO2 emissions and meet the ambitious sustainable development goals that we have set for the airline. At ANA, we seek innovative solutions to the most pressing problems, and we will continue looking for ways to reduce our ecological impact in order to create a better world.”

LanzaTech is using their advanced microorganism-powered gas fermentation technology to create ethanol and commercializing technology developed in collaboration with Pacific Northwest National Labs (PNNL) that allows for the production of sustainable aviation fuel.

ANA signed a partnership agreement with Mitsui & Co., Ltd., which strategically invested in LanzaTech, in 2018, to jointly develop a sustainable aviation fuel manufacturing business that utilizes LanzaTech’s innovative catalytic technology.

Working with Mitsui & Co., Ltd, ANA plans to implement these exciting breakthroughs by testing LanzaTech’s sustainable aviation fuel made from industrial waste emissions on our new delivery flight this fall.

As ANA increases its global presence, the airline is working to ensure that it maintains its reputation for global leadership on issues of sustainability.

This led the airline to conduct a comprehensive search for the most efficient sustainable aviation fuel, selecting LanzaTech’s unique product for its flexibility and high energy density.

The sustainable aviation fuel developed by LanzaTech does not contain any sulfur and as per current international standards for all sustainable aviation fuel used in commercial flights will be blended with at least 50% conventional jet fuel, easing the transition to full sustainability.

With sustainability emerging as a crucial question for all modern businesses, ANA remains committed to upholding its values and preserving our shared home. ANA has always aimed to challenge the norms and raise the bar in the airline industry, striving to set the standard for service, comfort and sustainability.

By working with LanzaTech to implement sustainable aviation fuel, ANA hopes to enhance the quality of fuel used in its aircraft while also meeting the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) as part of its efforts to become the most eco-friendly airline group in the world.